the first country that Islamic Relief worked in, responding to a famine in
1984. Since then, Islamic Relief has expanded significantly to work in Blue Nile State,
South Sudan and West Darfur.
Following the Jan 2011 referendum, South Sudan became an independent country on 9 July 2011. However, new conflict flared up in Abyei, South Kordofan and Blue Nile which border South Sudan. This new conflict displaced thousands of people, halted recovery programmes and created escalating tension between the two Sudan.
Due to inflation and increased food prices, the rural and urban poor have faced difficult living conditions. On average food prices have increased by 20% in 2011 putting strain on the urban and rural poor which form the majority of the population. Sudan has lost 75% of the oil revenue after South Sudan seceded in July 2011. Unprecedented increase of living costs and price of essential food items and construction materials have followed.
The year 2011 has witnessed unprecedented scale for returnees from the neighbouring camps into West Darfur where the security situation has improved. UNHCR has confirmed that 45,000 refugees and 15,000 IDPs have returned from Chad and IDP camps in Darfur respectively to their villages. If the situation continues to improve and basic services are provided, it is likely that this would encourage many more people to go back to their villages. Islamic Relief has responded to the needs of the IDPs returning to Sulu and Tandussa areas through provision of primary health care and WASH services.